Science Updates

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Science Updates are re-posted here – and emailed to Subscribers via bimonthly NEWSLETTER.

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Click on article title to link to National Library of Medicine.

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Family Resilience Promotes Child Flourishing.   FREE FULL TEXT article

Analysis by Goldstein et al (Univ Wisc Family Med) of national survey of parents of 44,686 children reinforces that children suffer from cumulative adversity across race/ethnicity and income levels.  Family resilience (talking about problems, awareness of strengths, hope amidst difficulty) decreases impact of childhood adversity (ACE), especially for Black children.  Preventing ACEs and enhancing protective factors must inform our public health response.  #aces #resilience

 

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Cook County Public Health Leaders call for a look at the roots of health disparities, especially under COVID.  Crain’s Chicago Business.

Doctors describe how low wages and lack of paid sick leave put essential workers at high risk.  Essential workers are more likely to be African-American and Latinx – populations already disproportionately affected by heart and lung disease, diabetes and cancer.  [39]

LINK:  https://www.chicagobusiness.com/forum-ideas-health-care/progressive-policy-good-public-health

To have and to hold: Effects of Physical Contact on Infants and their Caregivers

In Western societies, infants are in body contact with caregivers about 18% of the day – as compared to 79-99% of the day in many non-Western societies.  Physical contact with others is vital to infant development.  Infant-Caregiver touch not only improves infant emotional and physical regulation but improves mood for caregivers.

FREE FULL TEXT article provides extensive list of new research

 

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Longitudinal Study of the impact of Exposure of Children to Violence to Development of Brain Networks

Goetschius, et al. Association of Childhood Violence Exposure with Adolescent Neural Network Density.  JAMA Network Open.  September 2020.  FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE.

Longitudinal study of 173 children (followed from birth to age 17) in Detroit, Toledo and Chicago.    Showed that adolescents with high violence exposure were 3 times more likely to have decreased connections within key brain networks.  Loss or failure to form connections within brain networks puts us at lifelong risk for medical and emotional problems via altered BRAIN-BODY CONNECTIONS.

Study from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (U Michigan, Princeton, Columbia).

Click here THEN Neurobiology Glossary for brief introduction to BRAIN NETWORKS

Stepanikova et al, Gender discrimination and depressive symptoms among child-bearing women  EClinical Medicine 2020 

Study of 4,688 Czech women from mid-pregnancy to 11 years after delivery showed that women who perceived GENDER DISCRIMINATION were more likely to experience depressive symptoms.  Also linked to depression:  poverty, neglect in their own childhood, and sexual abuse.  PROTECTIVE FACTORS: social support and help from partner with household tasks.

Study by Univ Alabama-Sociology, Stanford Pediatrics, and Masaryk Univ-Czech Republic