Neurobiology

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Emens JS, Burgess H. Effect of Light and Melatonin and Other Melatonin Receptor Agonists on Human Circadian Physiology.  Sleep Med Clin.  2015.  FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE

Highlights:  Circadian (body clock) timing has a profound influence on mental and physical health.  Overview of human circadian system is provided.  Important features of light treatment, light avoidance, exogenous melatonin, and receptor agonists are reviewed.

 

Dayan J, Rauchs G, Guillery-Girard B.  Rhythms dysregulation:  a new perspective for understanding PTSD?   J Physiol Paris   2017

Highlights:  Biological dysfunctions may be seen as dysregulation in endocrine rhythm, sleep organization, and synchrony in brain activity.  Knowledge of biological rhythms may help explain heterogeneity of PTSD and shed light on association with frequent medical disorders.

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Sobolewska-Wlodarczyk A, Wlodarczyk M, Szemraj J, et al.  Circadian rhythm abnormalities – Association with the course of inflammatory bowel disease.   Pharmacy Rep.  2016.

Highlight:  Review of current knowledge about relationship between circadian rhythm disorders, sleep disturbance and inflammation in the GI tract (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis).

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Lanius R. Trauma-related dissociation and altered states of consciousness: a call for clinical,
treatment and neuroscience research. 
European Journal of Psychotraumatology,  2015
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This seminal article outlines trauma-related altered states of consciousness (TRASC): (1) time; (2) thought; (3) body; and (4) emotion.

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Sledjeski EM, Delahanty DL, Prior peritraumatic dissociative experiences affect autonomic reactivity during trauma recall. J Trauma Dissociation.  2012      FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE

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Shonkoff JP, Fisher PA. Rethinking evidence-based practice and two-generation programs to create the future of early childhood policy.  Dev Psychopathol.  2013   FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE 

Developmental trajectories, creative interventions, and two-generation strategy.  Hypothesis that better outcomes for vulnerable, young children could be achieved by greater attention to strengthening the resources and capabilities of the adults who care for them.

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Chen Y and Baram TZ.  Toward understanding how early-life stress reprograms cognitive and emotional brain networks.  Neuropsychopharmacology.  2016  FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE

Byrne ML, et al. A systematic review of adrenarche as a sensitive period in neurobiological development and mental health. Dev Cogn Neurosci.  2016   FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE

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Yam KY, et al. Early-life adversity programs emotional functions and neuroendocrine stress system: contribution of nutrition, metabolic hormones, and epigenetic mechanisms.  Stress  2015

Early-life stress and under-/malnutrition similarly lead to life-long alterations of neuroendocrine system and emotional functions. Role of early-life alterations in metabolic hormones and nutrient availability shape later stress responses and emotional function throughout life.

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Chen X, Gianferante D, Hanlin L, et al.  HPA-axis and inflammatory reactivity to acute stress is related with basal HPA-axis activity.  Psychoneuroendocrinology   2017

Investigates the relationship between basal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis acute stress reactivity and inflammation.

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Pinho-Riberio FA, Verri WA, Chiu IM.  Nociceptor Sensory Neuron-Immune Interactions in Pain and Inflammation.   Trends Immunol.  2017.   FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE

COMMENT:  Active crosstalk occurs between nociceptor neurons and the immune system to regulate pain, host defense, and inflammatory diseases.  Dialog between nociceptor neurons and the immune system is a fundamental aspect of inflammation, both acute and chronic.

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Chiu IM, von Hehn CA, Woolf CJ.   Neurogenic inflammation and the peripheral nervous system in host defense and immunopathology.  Nat Neurosci  2012  FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE  

The line between the peripheral nervous and immune systems is blurred by new insights into neurogenic inflammation.  Dense innervation network of sensory and autonomic fibers in peripheral tissues and high speed of neural transduction allows rapid local and systemic neurogenic modulation of immunity.

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Danese A, Caspi A, Williams B, et al.  Biological embedding of stress through inflammation processes in childhood.  Mol Psychiatry  2011   FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE

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Hanlon EC, Van Cauter E.  Quantification of sleep behavior and of its impact on the cross-talk between the brain and peripheral metabolism.  Proc Natl Acad Sci.  2011  ​FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE

Sleep restriction impairs glucose metabolism and alters the cross-talk between the periphery and the brain, favoring excessive food intake.  A better understanding of the adverse effects of sleep restriction on the CNS control of hunger and appetite may have important implications for public health.

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Park H, Tsai KM, Dahl RE, et al. Sleep and Inflammation During Adolescence. Psychosom Med.  2016   FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE

Swanson GR, Burgess HJ, Keshavarzian A.  Sleep disturbances and inflammatory bowel disease: a potential trigger for disease flare? Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2011  FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE