Health Equity

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New Additions to this Bibliography

Wildeman C, Wang EA.  Mass incarceration, public health, and widening inequality in the USA.  Lancet.  2017.

Examines how mass incarceration shapes inequality in health – negative health impacts on female partners and children.  Rates of excessive incarceration harm entire communities and partly underlie health disparities – in the USA and other developed countries.


Beatty Moody DL,  Everyday discrimination and metabolic syndrome incidence in a racially/ethnically diverse sample:  sample of women’s health across the nation (SWAN).  Psychosom Med.  2017

Study of 2,132 US women found Everyday Discrimination exposure predicted a 33% greater incidence of Metabolic Syndrome over 13+ years, independent of risk factors such as physical activity, socioeconomic status, smoking and alcohol consumption.

CLASSIC Articles

Krieger N.  Discrimination and health inequities.   Int J Health Serv  2014

Scant research investigates health impacts of structural discrimination.   This article: (1) reviews definitions  (2) discusses how discrimination becomes embodied and produces health inequities; (3) summarizes evidence (4) addresses key controversies and challenges

Articles by Date

Huynh VW, Guan SS, Almeda DM, et al.  Everyday Discrimination and Diurnal Cortisol during Adolescence.  Horm Behav. 2016.  FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE 

Study of 292 adolescents, whether they perceived everyday discrimination, and attributIon of discrimination to race, gender, age, or weight.  Higher frequency of everyday discrimination was associated with cortisol abnormalities regardless of type of discrimination.

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Szalacha LA, Hughes TL, et al.  Mental health, sexual identity and interpersonal violence:  Australian women’s health study.  BMC Womens Health. 2017  FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE.

Interpersonal violence is a key contributor to mental health disparities, especially among women who identify mostly as heterosexual or bisexual.


Muller A, Hughes TL.  Making the invisible visible:  a systematic review of sexual minority women’s health in South Africa.BMC Public Health.  2016  FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE

NEW Articles

Slack KS, Font SA, Jones J.  The complex interplay of adverse childhood experiences, race, and income. Health Soc Work.  2017.

Identifies relative contributions of ACEs, race, and adult income to predict three sets of adverse adult health outcomes. Found that ACEs strongly predict health risk behaviors, indicators of poor general health, and chronic health conditions.

Thayer ZM, Blair IV, Buchwald DS,  Racial discrimination associated with higher diastolic blood pressure in a sample of American Indian adults.  Am J Phys Anthropol, 2017.

COMMENT:  Hypertension prevalence is high among American Indians.  American Indians experience a substantial burden of interpersonal racial discrimination.  This study evaluated the Everyday Discrimination Scale among 77 persons.  The experience of racial discrimination was associated with significantly higher diastolic blood pressure.

Classic Articles

Krieger N, et al. Jim Crow and Premature Mortality Among the US Black and White Population, 1960–2009: An Age–Period–Cohort Analysis.   Epidemiology.  2014.   FREE  FULL TEXT ARTICLE

The abolition of Jim Crow (i.e. legal racial discrimination overturned by the US 1964 Civil Rights Act) reduced premature mortality (death under age 65) in the US black population.  However, the 2-fold excess risk among blacks persisted in both Jim Crow and non-Jim Crow states from 1960 to 2009.

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