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Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are traumatic experiences, having lifelong negative effects on brain function and health.
ACEs have a profound impact on risk and severity of disease, difficulty with concentration, learning, emotional and behavior regulation.

Example of ACEs:  neglect; emotional, physical and sexual abuse;
loss or separation from a parent; witnessing violence within the home or community; poverty; food & home insecurity; being the victim of discrimination or bullying, and more.


A process or series of events which proceed from one step to another.  Each stage depends on or acts on the product of the previous step.
Example:  a signaling cascade when one chemical messenger acts on a receptor which amplifies signal, causing formation of second signal, etc.  


Continuously changing.  A pattern or process of activity, growth or change.


Study of the nervous system:  the brain, the nerves, the networks.