Glossary - Health Equity

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Bigotry

Intolerance toward those who hold different opinions from oneself.

Bias – Implicit

Attitudes or stereotypes that affect our understanding, actions, and decisions in an unconscious manner.  These biases, which encompass both favorable and unfavorable assessments, are activated involuntarily and without an individual’s awareness or intent.

Jim Crow Laws

Laws in 35 states that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.  These laws, passed in the 1800’s mandated the segregation of public schools, public places, and public transportation for whites and blacks and prohibited intermarriage.  Jim Crow ended after the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision Brown v Board of Ed, the 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 Voting Rights Act.

Racism and other -isms

Prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race, gender, sexual orientation, ability etc based on the belief that one’s own group is superior.