Discrimination - General Concepts

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Wildeman C, Wang EA.  Mass incarceration, public health, and widening inequality in the USA.  Lancet.  2017.

Examines how mass incarceration shapes inequality in health – negative health impacts on female partners and children.  Rates of excessive incarceration harm entire communities and partly underlie health disparities – in the USA and other developed countries.

Beatty Moody DL, et.al.  Everyday discrimination and metabolic syndrome incidence in a racially/ethnically diverse sample:  sample of women’s health across the nation (SWAN).  Psychosom Med.  2017 

Study of 2,132 US women found Everyday Discrimination exposure predicted a 33% greater incidence of Metabolic Syndrome over 13+ years, independent of risk factors such as physical activity, socioeconomic status, smoking and alcohol consumption.  

Classic Articles

Krieger N.  Discrimination and health inequities.   Int J Health Serv  2014

Scant research investigates health impacts of structural discrimination.   This article: (1) reviews definitions  (2) discusses how discrimination becomes embodied and produces health inequities; (3) summarizes evidence (4) addresses key controversies and challenges

Articles by Date

Huynh VW, Guan SS, Almeda DM, et al.  Everyday Discrimination and Diurnal Cortisol during Adolescence.  Horm Behav. 2016.  FREE FULL TEXT ARTICLE 

Study of 292 adolescents, whether they perceived everyday discrimination, and attributIon of discrimination to race, gender, age, or weight.  Higher frequency of everyday discrimination was associated with cortisol abnormalities regardless of type of discrimination.